The Countdown to Poland 2019 is on….

The time for our trip to Poland is fast approaching, and we’re getting excited about it. Yesterday we picked up our International Driving Permits–we’ll be renting a car to get around Poland. That will allow us to stop where we want, go where we want, and maybe see a bit of the countryside and less touristy places.

In my last post about our trip ( https://poland.leonkonieczny.com/blog/?p=1303), I basically outlined our itinerary, though in part it’s still under development. I’ve saved a lot of online articles that give a lot of good advice of what to see and do, so those will help us along a lot.

In general, this will be our route, though it’s certainly subject to change:

Mostly we know where we’re spending the nights and some of the highlights in between cities. In the cities themselves, we’ll see how much time we have. My current plan is to get to the hotel and park, then walk to whatever we want to see. If we walk too far, we can Uber or Taxi or some other way get back. We also plan to take a scenic route into Zakopane, that should give us a great view of the Carpathians.

So, right now, we are busy planning, reading, and dreaming. But most of all, we’re looking forward to attending the wedding of Bartosz and Joanna–that will be the highlight of our trip!

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Wola Massacre 75th Anniversary

Today marks the 75th anniversary of the beginning of the Wola massacre, the systematic murder of 40,000 to 50,000 innocent civilians, residents of the Wola are of Warsaw, be the SS (Nazis). Sadly, not many know of this event which I wrote about in my blog 4 years ago: https://poland.leonkonieczny.com/blog/?p=1027.

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Our 2019 Adventure in Poland

This is my “advance warning” post: Look out Poland, here we come. Tommy and I are heading to Poland for two weeks later this summer. The reason? The marriage of my 3rd cousin’s son! I first went to Poland in 2010 and met my third cousin Alicja there, along with her oldest son and some other family. Then I returned to Poland the next year, 2011, and had a 3 week adventure of a lifetime, staying with and travelling with Alicja, her husband Wojtek, and their youngest son, Filip, who traveled with us as we visited our mutual cousins in Ukraine, as well as saw many great sights along the way. That was a fantastic trip, and I wrote a lot about it in this blog.

But this time, we’re going for the wedding of Alicja and Wojtek’s oldest son, Bartek. I am so excited that we’ve been invited and we are very excited that we’ll be able to go. Just imagine, I’m going to attend a real Polish wedding, in Poland. I could not be any more excited.

So the planning for this trip has already begun, and I’ll give a short outline of it here. I hope you’ll like and follow my blog and I plan to write more as we get closer to the trip, and them even more as our adventure in Poland unfolds.

In brief, here’s our plan:

  • Day 0 — we leave Orlando, fly to Chicago, and they fly overnight to Warsaw on Lot Airlines Dreamliner, a Boeing 787.
  • Day 1 — We arrive in Warsaw after our overnight trip. We’ll pick up our rental car at the airport–look out, Polish roads, I’ll be driving. We have a hotel booked in the Mokówo area and plan to visit Łazienki Park and Wilanów.
  • Day 2 — We drive to Malbork to visit the largest (in area) castle in Europe, then head on to Gdańsk where we’ll be staying in the city center, steps away from the Main square and Neptune’s fountain.
  • Day 3 — This is the day we came for, Bartek and Asia’s wedding. Bartek has a room for us arranged at the wedding venue, so we’ll head there in the late morning or early afternoon to check in. And then the fun wedding festivities begin. I’m sure it’ll be a great time. I may even get a chance to use my rudimentary Polish skills, but better pack my English-Polish dictionary and phrase book, too.
  • Day 4 and Day 5 — we have nothing specific planned on these days, nor a hotel booked as of yet–we’ll just go with the flow of things. Hope to spend some time with family, but also to see some of the sights of the Trojmiasto area (the tri-city area of Gdańsk-Gdynia-Sopot). And relax after the wedding, of course. I’d also maybe like to visit the museum of Polish Emigration in Gdynia, if time. And the Sopot pier would be fun as well. We’ll see what time we have. Family is important, too.
  • Day 6 — We leave the Gdańsk area early in the morning and head to the historic site at Biskupin, an open-air museum and archaeological site that I’ve longed to visit. After that we’ll head to our hotel in Gniezno. We’ll spend some time in Gniezno, arguably Poland’s oldest city and it’s birthplace. Lots of history, churches, and a museum at Poland’s oldest Archdiocese.
  • Day 7 — We get up early today and drive to Częstochowa where we’ll visit the shrine of the Black Madonna at Jasna Góra. That will be a wonderful experience. Then, time permitting, we’ll head to Zamek Ogrodzieniec, a 14th century gothic medieval castle that is part of the Eagle’s Nest Trail of castles in southwest Poland. Finally, we end the day in Katowice and spend the night there.
  • Day 8 — This will be a somewhat somber day, we plan to head to Auschwitz in the morning and visit that concentration camp. I know it’ll be emotional, but it’s a story worth remembering, and remembering the Holocaust and all who perished as a result. Then, later, we’ll take a hopefully scenic drive down near the Czech border and eventually arrive in Zakopane where we’ll spend two nights.
  • Day 9 — We have this day in Zakopane, we’ll see what there is to do. I’d like to take Tommy to the top of Gubałówka, the view from there is stunning. And of course we have to be tourists and visit Krupóski street. We have bicycles on reserve at the place we’re staying, too. Who knows where else we’ll end up? Visits to Morskie Okno or Kasprowy Wierch would be nice, if we have time.
  • Day 10 — Today we leave Zakopane, headed to Kraków. But first a stop and tour of Wieliczk, the salt mines. I’ve been there, and they are amazing. I want to see it again, and I know Tommy will enjoy it. We’ll end up at our apartment just outside the old city, where we’ll spend two nights.
  • Day 11 is reserved for Kraków. Of course on the list of things to see and visit it Wawel, the Sukiennice, and the Mariacki basilica. I’d love to climb the tower again, too. And we’ll see what else there is to do. There’s a lot of history and many museums and galleries in Kraków. And I’m sure we’ll eat well, too.
  • Day 12 — Today we leave Kraków and head to Warsaw where we’ll stay two nights. Not sure what’s on tap for this day, but in Warsaw we’re staying in New Town (Stare Miasto) but right outside of the old town. I believe this is the same hotel where Wojtek, Alicja, Filip, and I stayed when were spent a night in Warsaw in 2011. It’s pretty convenient to old town and to many sights.
  • Day 13 will be a day spent in and around Warsaw. There is lots to see and do. One pace I want to visit is the Palace of Culture, and to see the view from the top (said to be the best view in Warsaw because you cannot see the Palace of Culture from it). There are many other places to see.
  • Day 14 — Today we leave our hotel, return the rental car at the airport, and return home. Again we’ll be taking a Lot Dreamliner to Chicago, then a flight to Orlando. It’s a long day of travel and we arrive in Orlando after 11 PM, then have to get our car and drive home. But we’ll have a pleasant sleep that night with dreams and memories of a fantastic time, a Polish wedding, and a great vacation.

That’s it, that’s our tentative itinerary, all summed up. We are very much looking forward to it. I hope to keep my blog up-to-date during our trip there, as well as time gets closer.

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Betrayed!

About a week ago, here in the USA, we were all about Independence Day, a celebration of our own country’s history and founding and freedom. That was on July 4th, recalling the Declaration of Independence on July 4, 1776. We tend to celebrate our accomplishments and ignore our darker days, though. But the very next day, July 5th, is another famous day in our history–or should I say, a rather infamous day.

On July 5, 1945, the US government (and that of Great Britain), formally turned their backs on the legitimate government of Poland, a country whose people fought side-by-side with them to help defeat the Nazis. On July 5, 1945, the US and Great Britain formally recognized the puppet, Soviet-controlled, Communist government of Poland, Stalin’s Provisional Government of National Unity (TRJN). This was the final nail in the coffin of Poland’s legitimate government in exile, though the process had begun 5 months earlier at the Yalta Conference when the allies “divied up” a post-war Europe and handed Poland to Stalin on a platter.

This treachery by Franklin Delano Roosevelt and Winston Churchill should be remembered as well. Though they knew all along what was going on in Poland during the war, though they knew about the holocaust for years, and though they knew the truth about the Katyń massacre–and though they knew what a tyrant Stalin was, they consciously chose to abandon their faithful ally and hand Poland over to Stalin.

As a result, many tens of thousands of Poles could not return to their homeland after the war. As a result, many loyal Poles who remained in Poland were arrested, tortured, even murdered by the secret Police. As a result, many Poles (and others)–including some of my relatives–were forcefully relocated after the war, forced out of their homes, forced to abandon their land and posessions, are relocated to make the Soviet-controlled area of Europe more “ethnically pure.”

What a sad day in history July 5th should represent. It was the day on which Poland was abandoned by her allies. But, the hope of a free Poland, once again, did not die. It’d be nearly 45 years, but eventually Poland managed to free itself from Soviet control, and emerge once again as a proud and free nation and throw off the shackles of Communism. But never forget that it was Roosevelt and Churchill that turned their backs on their loyal ally, Poland, and betrayed her, sealing her fate on July 5, 1945. Those two–they may have done some great things for which they are now remembered, but we should also remember the bad things they did. Treachery! Betrayal! Shame, shame on them.

To learn more:

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Cursed Soldiers: “żołnierze wyklęci”

Today is the Polish National Day of the Memory of the Cursed Soldiers, or Damned Soldiers: in Polish, the żołnierze wyklęci. But what does that mean, and what’s it all about.

After the end of World War 2, when Poland was handed over to the Soviet sphere of influence, few Poles were happy with that outcome. Some who had been active in the resistance movement, fighting the Nazis, continued the underground fight to free Poland from the new oppressors, the Soviets. But just having been a member of the anti-Nazi underground movement, in the eyes of the Soviets, made you a traitor. These soldiers were considered “damned” or “cursed” by their own (Soviet puppet) government.

These Cursed Soldiers numbered in the thousands, but some paid the ultimate price for their patriotism. In a staged trial in late 1950, seven of these brave Polish heroes, after having been tortured and beaten and forced to make “confessions,” were sentenced to death in a staged trial, not even allowed to defend themselves.

On March 1, 1951, the were each murdered with a shot to the back of the head on the grounds of Warsaw’s Móktow prison, executed in the same NKVD manner as the 20,000+ Poles where were murdered at Katyń. There bodies have never been located.

In about 1992, after Poland threw off the shackles of Communism, these men had their rightful titles and rights restored, posthumously, and received many awards. And in 2010 the government instituted this day of remembrance.

You can read more about their story here: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cursed_soldiers.

You can read more about this National Day of Remembrance here: https://realpoland.eu/polish-national-day-of-memory-of-cursed-soldiers/.

For more information about this year’s remembrance, see this post here.

Hopefully, now, you won’t forget that freedom is rarely free.

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Sto lat, Polsko!

Today all over Poland–and many other countries–there is much celebrating as Poland celebrated their return to the map with the formation of the second Polish republic with the signing of the Armistice that ended the Great War (World War I) on November 11, 1918. After 123, the nation of Poland returned to the map, having been partitioned by greedy “neigbors” Austria, Russian, and Germany in the late 1700s. The opening words of the Polish National Anthem are a reminder, “Poland has not yet perished.”

But it’s also important to remember that Poland as a nation has existed for over 1000 years. At one time the largest and most powerful country of Europe, Poland has morphed and changed over time. Today once again, Poland is a powerhouse of sorts, a member of the EU, member of NATO, and the only european to not experience the recession of the last decade.

All of this is due to the intense nationalism and patriotism of Poles. Even though I was born in the USA–as were my parents–I am Polish to my very core. I’ve always known I’m Polish at heart and in my soul. My paternal grandparents and maternal great-grandparents all came to the USA at a time when Poland did not exist, yet they, too, were Polish and passed that national fervor onto me–and for that I am thankful.

So today, I celebrate with the nearly 40 million people of Poland, plus the 10’s of millions of Polonia dispersed across the world. Happy (re)Birthday, Poland. Sto lat, Polsko!

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Where it began, 01 Sept 1939

Westerplatte. That’s where the German/Nazi invasion of Poland–and the start of World War 2–began on September the 1st, 1939. I was there. No, not at the beginning of World War 2–I was at Westerplatte on September 1, 2010, joining with thousands of others to commemorate the place where World War 2 began. 

It was a very moving experience. The President of Poland was there, and many other dignitaries. Lots of people, young and old, made the journey for the service. It began promptly at 04:48 AM (yes, we were up early), the exact moment when the first shots were fired. It was a moving moment, and it still moves me today. You can read my original post on this experience here. And I posted some of the pictures I took here

It is worth remembering, so we never forget. The total casualties of World War 2 eventually tallied somewhere between 50,000,000 and 80,000,000, and amazing number. If we don’t remember history, we’re bound to repeat it. Unfortunately, there are many today who do not remember. Sad.

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Kotwica and the Warsaw Uprising

What is “kotwica?” It is the Polish word for “anchor,” but it has a lot more meaning in Polish history–the kotwica was a World War II emblem of the Polish Underground State and the Armia Krajowa (the Home Army, or AK). The kotwica as an emblem was created in 1942 as an easily identifiable emblem for the Polish struggle to regain independence after Poland’s conquest and division by Germany and the Soviet Union in 1939. Continue reading

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Getting in touch with my Ruthenian/Ukrainian Roots

Yes, I have a great love of Poland. And yes, I consider myself Polish by nationality. But, I am also part Ruthenian/Ukrainian. And that is not so unusual. You see, Poland was a very welcoming and open country, and very heterogenic in years gone by. As a matter of fact, when my relatives came to the USA from the area that was at one time Poland, that area was only about 2/3 Polish, the rest was mostly Ruthenian/Ukrainian, Jewish, and Lithuanian. For many years, until the partitions of the late 18th century, it was the “Polish-Lithuanian Commonweath.”  Poland was very cosmopolitan and welcomed people of various races and creeds–there was no reformation in Poland, and in fact, it welcomed protestants and lived with them in harmony.

Continue reading

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Moja Miłość do Kolęd — My love of Polish Carols

One of my earliest childhood memories of Christmas is going to midnight Mass (after our traditional Christmas Eve dinner–Wigilia) and hearing the choir at my grandparent’s decidedly Polish Catholic Church in rural Thorp, Wisconsin  (St. Hedwig’s) singing Polish Christmas Carols–kolędy. I recall my amazement when they sang “Silent Night” with strange words:  “cicha noc, święta noc.…”  And I recall a few others that they sang, including the beautiful melody of Lulajeże Jezuniu–it sounds like a lullaby, which it is! And then there was the magnificent strains of Triumfy–even the names sounds like a trumpet call of magnificent proportions! And there were others as well, but those three I remember the most for their uniqueness and significance in my memory.

Continue reading

Posted in culture, Kolędy, Kolędy translations, music, My love of Poland | 4 Comments